- An article about integration into British society: http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-events-and-publications/evidence-briefings/immigrant-integration-in-british-society/
Main findings related to my SP3 project:
- ethnic majority and minority groups in UK share a lot of common values
- integration can be economical, political, cultural etc
- in the media integration is mostly presented as migrants’ responsibility
- in the public’s view, integration is also society’s responsibility
- immigration representation in the media has a massive impact on the public’s perception
- barriers to integration include lack of language skills, prejudice and more
- schools and sports/community centres encourage integration
- Migration quiz: http://visual.ons.gov.uk/what-are-migration-levels-like-in-your-area-2/ (2015 data)
- non-UK born population in Bradford area is 16% (in UK it’s 13%)
- number of migrants who came to Bradford intending to stay for more than one year: 4 501
- number of people who left Bradford intending to stay for more than one year outside UK: 2,047
- The University of Manchester is currently working on a project which’s aim is to research migrant adaptation issues: http://projects.socialsciences.manchester.ac.uk/unity-out-of-diversity/resources-2/documents/ The project is still ongoing, but the latest report (Runnymede Report on Race and Immigration by Omar Khan and Debbie Weekes-Bernard, 2015), published on the website, suggests a number of conclusions, some of them are:
- immigrants see positive and negative aspects of migration, but tend to see more positives
- recent migrants are likely to feel discomfort with arguments about too much cultural change
- Some data from Office for National Statistics: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/datasets/populationoftheunitedkingdombycountryofbirthandnationality
- Latvia born UK population (estimated in 2015):
- Eastern Europe (countries that joined EU in 2004) born UK population by main reasons of migration (estimated in 2015):
- work related: 773 thousands
- formal study: 83 thousands
- accompany/join (spouse/dependent of UK citizen/someone coming to UK): 326 thousands
- other reasons (to get married/form civil partnership/seek asylum/other): 111 thousands
*please see more links to resources explaining reasons for migrating from Latvia to UK here: for UK to Latvia statistics comparison click here, for an article in University of Latvia academic journal click here.
- Non-UK born UK population by gender and countries (estimated in 2015):
- 52 thousands of females
- 42 thousands of males
- Latvians take the 15th place by amount of non-British population in UK including (estimated in 2015):
- 86 thousands born in Latvia
- 8 thousands born in UK
- 2 thousands born in other countries (Outcome 4/T4)
What does it all mean in relation to my SP3 project (main points)?
- People might think that different nationalities are very unlike each other (either in positive or negative way), but research shows that there is a great number of common values and attitudes. That corresponds one of the aims of my project – to show, that British and non-British UK population share a lot of similar characteristics.
- Media heavily influences the way people see migration. That means that the project has potential to change perception of migration/migrants. It is especially important for me to inform both British population in UK and Latvians living in Latvia (as well as all people living in any native country and willing to migrate) about ways, challenges and stages of assimilation and adaptation as parts of migration. In my personal experience I’ve heard very different opinions about migrants, positive and negative, from citizens of hosting country and from people living in the country left by migrants, but few non-migrants know what migrants are going through in their personal and social life. The aim of the project is to show an example of the real situation from inside one family unit. (Outcome 2/C4)
- Research shows that schools and sports/community centres influence integration and that’s reflected in the project, every subject including, was/is studying and 2 of us began to do sports after immigration
- UK population includes 16% of non-UK born people, Latvians take the 15th place in that amount. It means that amount of Latvians tends to 100 thousands roughly, that’s a big number, but not in relation to total UK population (roughly 64 millions in 2015 according to the National Statistics data), I can roughly estimate that about 0.15% of total 100.00% of UK population are Latvians. That can potentially explain why it was and is difficult for me to find close friends among representatives of my nationality in UK and as a result why I was/am trying to integrate into new society.
- The research shows that immigrants see both positive and negative aspects of migration. That is also reflected in the project.
- Most migrants from Eastern Europe come to UK for work (as 2 of 3 subjects in my project did). Next most common reason for migrating from Eastern Europe is to accompany/join (as I did – 1 of 3 subjects). That means that my choice of the subjects corresponds overall statistics.
- Most migrants coming to UK from Latvia are females, that is also reflected in the project (1 male and 2 females).
Statistics tend to be perceived as naked truth and on one hand so it is, but on the other hand the message of statistics depends on the specific choice of data to be analyzed and the way of result interpretation. Please see two examples of articles about immigrants in UK, both observe immigration statistics, but one looks at negative aspects only (”pressure on public services”) while other looks at positive ones (”…European migration is actually fuelling the relative growth of the UK economy”):